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Old michaelgem
 
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Quote this post and reply to it Post#1 @ 02-26-03 , 01:37 PM


An aspiring gemstone cutter, (faceter or lapidary), named Ryan Thompson posting to the United States Faceting Guild (USFG) recently posed the following question:

I seem to remember hearing that the Barion cut was created by a
hobbyist and its name is a combination of his name and his wife's
name.

http://www.hiltonjewelers.com/files/Barion.jpg


What was the story behind this cut?

Thanks,
Ryan Thompson
The World of Famous Diamonds
http://famousdiamonds.tripod.com

Ryan has this terrific web site for you to drool over, with great images of most of the world’s famous and important diamonds.

Since I know the originator of the Barion cuts, I thought I would share with my diamondtalk friends the response I made to Ryan.

I have talked to, corresponded with and written about, IMHO, one of the most important but not widely known fancy diamond cutters and designers in the world, Basil Watermeyer.

I first learned of him as I did of Bruce Harding via Glen and Martha Vargas' faceting books. His Barion fancy shaped diamond cuts were hot, brilliant faceting designs in the 80's used for all sorts of shapes and cutting material, although they were designed by Basil for fancy diamond cutting to improve the brilliance and scintillation of the step cuts or emerald cuts.

His wife's name is Marion, hence Basil+Marion= Barion. Since that time his Barion cut has inspired all sorts of square and rectangular diamond cut designs including the radiant, quadrillion, and princess cuts.

His book, "Diamond Cutting", is the definitive text for entering the world of the diamond cutter. In it he says:

"---The Barion was developed in October 1970, entirely through the individual efforts of the author. It was never planned and it can be considered one of those "lucky accidents".

In attempting to introduce scintillation in the emerald cut a square cut was used as it had uniformity of shape. After abandoning an attempt at cutting halves on the base of the square cut, the 'lucky accident" occurred. By reverting the base to conventional emerald cut, the girdle-break was made. In testing its position, the facet actually started by forming a half- moon facet which is the basis or secret of linking a fully adapted brilliant round cut base with that of the full square emerald cut crown.

The adaptation of the Barion to the emerald cut met with failure. A small group of cutters, working on the Barion square cut, used their resources in this direction but failed to make the breakthrough.

After 15 months the author once again stumbled on the truth. The round cut was adapted to the square; therefore it should follow that the marquise be adapted to the rectangular shape of the emerald cut and the pendeloque to the triangle. This theory he successfully proved.

The Barion became a new basic cut, not in shape but in concept. The success of establishing a new cut depends entirely on whether it can be cut economically, compare with the brilliance of the brilliant round cut, compete in price, and whether sufficient rough shapes are available to make it a proposition - The Barion succeeded in all these fields, yet it was not an overnight success. This was largely due to the limited markets of a conservative diamond world.
These limitations suited the author, as the Barion required much study before committing large numbers to production. Improved production techniques, production costs, and stabilized markets had to be established.

World patent rights, on diamond only, were taken out with a view to protecting the cut. It the Barion was cut or developed haphazardly, its future could be jeopardized. To ensure a universal distribution, the Barion has never been committed to one market. This will ensure that the cut and make will become universally known and understood.

The word Barion is derived from the author's name Basil and that of his wife, Marion, and pronounced like Marion. Barion is not a registered trade name and can be used freely in advertising or in business.---"

Michael Cowing
www.acagemlab.com

Last edited by michaelgem : 02-26-03 at 02:28 PM.
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Quote this post and reply to it Post#2 @ 02-26-03 , 02:21 PM


Just to keep the record straight, it appears that while Ryan posts to the USFG forum, he is not a member of the USFG. I believe Ryan may be an aspiring faceter, since his web site lists his hobbies as:

Applied arts. Drawing, painting, pastels, jewelry, researching famous diamonds, famous gems... etc.. I am really into jewelry the most. I've also done pottery and sculpture.

Michael Cowing
www.acagemlab.com

Last edited by michaelgem : 02-26-03 at 02:25 PM.
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Michael...
Quote this post and reply to it Post#3 @ 02-26-03 , 03:18 PM


I pm'ed you.

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michaelgem,
Quote this post and reply to it Post#4 @ 05-13-03 , 08:16 PM


the original Barion cut was designed by Basil Watermeyer, a Johannesburg diamond cutter, in 1971 after years of experimenting. The name came about when he combined his 1st initial with his wife's name - Marion.

I remember seeing this in my "bible", -Bruton's, Diamonds, 2nd ed., p.216.


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