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Bezel
A facet on the Crown, or upper part of the Diamond above the Girdle.

Bow-Tie Effect
An effect caused by a shadowy area visible in some fancy shapes, caused by light leaking out the bottom of the Diamond.

Crown
The upper part of the diamond above the girdle. Consists of a large flat area on top called a table, and several facets below it.

Culet

Extra Facet
A facet placed without regard for symmetry and not required by the cutting style.

Facet
Plane, polished surface of a diamond.

Faceted Girdle
Sometimes cutters polish the girdle into 32 facets.

Fashioning
General term used to describe the entire process of manufacturing a polished diamond.

Girdle
The outer edge or the widest part of the diamond forming a band around the stone.

Natural
Part of the rough Diamond remaining on the Diamond, having survived the cutting process. This is usually the sign of a good cutter attempting to maximize the weight retention of the rough Diamond.

Off Make
A poorly proportioned Diamond.

Pavilion
The bottom part of the Diamond, below the girdle.

Shape

Polish Lines
Tiny parallel lines left by polishing. Fine parallel ridges confined to a single facet, caused by crystal structure irregularities, or tiny parallel polished grooves produced by irregularities in the scaife surface.

Polish Mark
Surface clouding caused by excessive heat (also called burn mark, or burned facet), or uneven polished surface resulting from structural irregularities.

Spread Stone
A Diamond with a large table and a thin crown height.

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