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Abrasion
Tiny nicks along facet junctions, producing white fuzzy lines instead of sharp crisp facet edges.

Clarity Grades

Bearded Girdle
Tiny, numerous, hairlike fractures extending into the stone.

Bearding
Tiny, numerous, hairlike fractures extending into the stone.

Blemish
Surface imperfection external to the Diamond.

Bruise
Inclusions consisting of surface crumbling, often accompanied by tiny, rootlike feathers .

Burned Facet
This facet may appear whitish, or burnt, as a result of the cutter polishing the facet "against the grain".

Cavity
An inclusion consisting of a large or deep opening in the stone.

Chip
A tiny piece missing, caused by normal wear and tear, or by cutting.

Cloud
A group of tiny white inclusions which result in a milky or cloudy appearance.

Feather
A separation or break due to either cleavage or fracture, often white and feathery in appearance.

Flaw
An imperfection in a stone.

Fracture
A crack on the Diamond's surface.

Grain Center
A small area of concentrated crystal structure distortion, usually associated with pinpoints.

Included Crystal
A mineral crystal contained in a diamond.

Inclusion
Imperfection internal to the Diamond.

Internal Graining
Internal indications of irregular crystal growth. May appear milky, like faint lines or streaks, or may be colored or reflective.

Knot
An included diamond crystal which reaches the surface of a polished diamond.

Laser Drill Hole
A tiny tube made by a laser. The surface opening may resemble a pit, while the tube usually looks needle-like.

Needle
A long, thin included crystal which looks like a tiny rod.

Nick
A notch near the girdle or a facet edge.

Pinpoints
Miniscule spots internal to a Diamond. A cluster of pinpoints can form a cloud.

Pit
A tiny opening, often looking like a white dot.

Rough Girdle
A grainy or pitted girdle surface, often with nicks.

Scratch
A linear indentation normally seen as a fine white line, curved or straight.

Surface Graining
Surface indication of structural irregularity. May resemble faint facet junction lines, or cause a grooved or wavy surface, often cross facet junctions.

Twinning Wisp
A cloudy area produced by crystal structure distortion, usually associated with twinning planes.

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